Skip to Main Content

++

CONDITION/DISORDER SYNONYMS

++

  • Facet joint syndrome, cervical spine

  • Sprain of facet joint

  • Arthritic changes in facet joint

++

ICD-9-CM CODE

++

  • 847.0 Cervical sprain

++

ICD-10-CM CODE

++

  • S13.8XXA Sprain of joints and ligaments of other parts of neck

++

PREFERRED PRACTICE PATTERN

++

  • 4F: Impaired Joint Mobility, Motor Function, Muscle Performance, Range of Motion, and Reflex Integrity Associated With Spinal Disorders1

++

PATIENT PRESENTATION

A 45-year-old male presents with pain and stiffness in the left cervical region. He reports waking up with this condition 3 days ago. The pain is located along the left C3-4 and C4-5 spinal segments, and is aggravated by looking over the left shoulder and looking up. Increased muscle tone is present in the left levator scapula and upper trapezius muscles. No pain, numbness, or tingling in the upper extremities is noted, and neurological examination is normal. Passive intervertebral motion (PIVM) testing reveals restriction in downglide mobility of the left C3-4 facet joint. Quadrant testing is positive when combining extension, left side bending, and left rotation. Point tenderness is noted upon palpation of the left C3-4 facet joint.

++
FIGURE 113-1

Anatomy and motions of the cervical spine. (A) The skeleton of the cervical spine. (B) Motions of the cervical spine: normal range of motion exceeds the angles, which are shown as points of reference. (From LeBlond RF, DeGowin RL, Brown DD. DeGowin’s Diagnostic Examination. 9th ed. www.accessmedicine.com. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.)

Graphic Jump Location
++
FIGURE 113-2

Flexion and extension of the cervical spine. Normal flexion brings the chin to within a fingerbreadth of the chest (A). With normal extension of the neck, an imaginary line should connect the eye, ear lobe, and shoulder (B). (From Imboden J, Hellmann DB, Stone JH. Current Rheumatology Diagnosis & Treatment. 2nd ed. www.accessmedicine.com. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.)

Graphic Jump Location
++

KEY FEATURES

++
Description
++

  • Neck pain with primary involvement of cervical facet joint

  • Upper limb symptoms might be present in a nondermatomal pattern as a result of referred pain

  • No neurological findings

  • Unilateral symptoms

++
FIGURE 113-3

The intervertebral disk, articulations, ligaments, and neurologic structures. (Reproduced with permission from Morton, DA, Foreman KB, Albertine KH. The Big Picture: Gross Anatomy, McGraw-Hill; 2011.)

Graphic Jump Location
++
Essentials of Diagnosis
++

  • Diagnosis made by clinical examination

  • Reproduction of symptoms when joint in closed-packed position (combination of extension, side bending, and rotation toward involved side)

++
General Considerations
+...

Want remote access to your institution's subscription?

Sign in to your MyAccess profile while you are actively authenticated on this site via your institution (you will be able to verify this by looking at the top right corner of the screen - if you see your institution's name, you are authenticated). Once logged in to your MyAccess profile, you will be able to access your institution's subscription for 90 days from any location. You must be logged in while authenticated at least once every 90 days to maintain this remote access.

Ok

About MyAccess

If your institution subscribes to this resource, and you don't have a MyAccess profile, please contact your library's reference desk for information on how to gain access to this resource from off-campus.

Subscription Options

AccessPhysiotherapy Full Site: One-Year Subscription

Connect to the full suite of AccessPhysiotherapy content and resources including interactive NPTE review, more than 500 videos, Anatomy & Physiology Revealed, 20+ leading textbooks, and more.

$595 USD
Buy Now

Pay Per View: Timed Access to all of AccessPhysiotherapy

24 Hour Subscription $34.95

Buy Now

48 Hour Subscription $54.95

Buy Now

Pop-up div Successfully Displayed

This div only appears when the trigger link is hovered over. Otherwise it is hidden from view.