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Condition/Disorder Synonyms


  • Category 3 non-bacterial prostatitis

  • Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome CP/CPPS

  • Levator ani syndrome

  • Prostatodynia

  • Urogential pain disorders


ICD-9-CM Codes


  • 338.4 Chronic pain syndrome

  • 601.1 Chronic prostatitis


ICD-10-CM Codes


  • G89.4 Chronic pain syndrome

  • N41.1 Chronic prostatitis

  • R10.2 Pelvic and perineal pain

  • Symptom specific diagnoses

    • N53.12 Painful ejaculation

    • N94.1 Dyspareunia

    • K59.4 Anal spasm


Preferred Practice Pattern



Associated Physical Therapy Diagnoses


  • 564.6 Anal spasm

  • 569.42 Anal or rectal pain

  • 719.45 Pain in joint, pelvic region and thigh

  • 724.7 Disorders of coccyx

  • 728.2 Muscular wasting and disuse atrophy, not elsewhere classified

  • 728.85 Spasm of muscle

  • 728.89 Disorders of muscle, ligament, and fascia

  • 729.1 Myalgia and myositis, unspecified

  • 729.2 Neuralgia, neuritis, and radiculitis, unspecified

  • 729.9 Other and unspecified disorders of soft tissue


Key Features




  • Pelvic pain or regional pelvic pain syndrome (perineal pain, penile pain, testicular pain, suprapubic pain, groin pain) without detectable pathology

  • No evidence of infection or inflammation


Essentials of Diagnosis


  • Unknown etiology

  • Rule out bacterial prostatitis and other organ pathology

  • Symptoms may be initiated by an acute infection, injury, or inflammation of a pelvic or urogential organ; however, pain persists beyond the duration of the original inciting event or disease


General Considerations


  • Chronic pain condition

  • Eitiology is unknown

  • Diagnosis is a process of exclusion

  • Urogenital pain disorders frequently affect nearby body areas, especially back, pelvic, hip, and groin regions

  • PT intervention is often appropriate for associated musculoskeletal impairments

  • May mimic other visceral pain conditions including colon cancer or tumor, irritable bowel, colitis




  • 2% to 9% of men report prostatitis-like symptoms

  • Exact prevalence of chronic pelvic pain is not known, estimates vary in the literature from 3.8% to 24%4


Clinical Findings


  • Report of perineal pain, penile pain, testicular pain, suprapubic pain, and/or groin pain

  • Symptoms often worsened by prolonged sitting or standing, anxiety, bowel movements, physical activity, or sexual intercourse

  • Pain that starts in the afternoon and becomes progressively worse throughout the day

  • Constellation of symptoms that include painful ejaculation, low back pain, bowel symptoms of constipation, diarrhea, excessive flatus, painful defecation or a sensation of incomplete evacuation, and urinary symptoms of frequency, urgency, or nocturia


Signs and Symptoms


  • Perineal pain, penile pain, testicular pain, suprapubic pain, and/or groin pain

  • Pain during sexual intercourse

  • Irritative voiding ...

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