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Term

Definition

Case(s)

Abscess

Collection of purulent exudate (pus)

6.3

Acropachy

Clubbing of fingers and/or toes caused by edema and periosteal changes

6.2

Adenitis

Inflammation of a lymph node(s)

6.3

Adenoiditis

Inflammation of the pharyngeal tonsils (adenoids)

6.3

Adnexa

Structures accessory to an organ; used commonly with reference to the uterus to refer to uterine tube, ovaries, and uterine ligaments

3.4

Amaurosis fugax

Transient blindness (Greek, amaurosis = dark; Latin, fugax = fleeting)

6.4

Amenorrhea

Absence or abnormal cessation of menses (periodic hemorrhage related to the menstrual cycle)

6.2

Analgesia

Loss of painful sensation

8.1

Anemia

Reduced erythrocytes, hemoglobin, or blood volume

4.5

Anesthesia

Loss of sensation

7.2, 9.5

Aneurysm

Circumscribed dilation of an artery, in direct communication lumen

7.6

Anhidrosis

Absence of sweating

7.6

Anisocoria

Unequal size of pupils

7.6

Ankylosis

A disease condition that results in stiffening or joint fixation

7.3

Anosmia

Loss of smell

7.2

Arrhythmia

Irregular heart beat

2.2, 6.1

Arthritis

Joint inflammation

7.3

Asthenia

Overall weakness due to debility

2.6

Atelectasis

Reduction or absence of air in all or part of a lung (lung collapse)

2.4, 2.6

Atrophy

Wasting of tissues, organs, parts of the body, or the entire body

9.4, 9.5

Aura

Symptom that precedes partial epileptic seizure or migraine

6.4

Auscultation

A diagnostic method, usually with a stethoscope, to listen to body sounds (e.g., heart, breath, and gastrointestinal sounds)

2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 2.6

Avulsion

Forcible detachment of a part

10.6

Bacteriuria

Bacteria in urine

3.5

Bleb

Small bulla (<1 cm diameter)

2.4

Bradycardia

Decreased heart rate: <55 bpm (normal adult heart rate: 55–100 bpm)

7.1

Bruxism

Grinding or clenching of teeth

7.3

Bulla

Blister (e.g., on skin or lung surface); >1 cm

10.5

Calculus

An abnormal concretion, usually of mineral salts

3.5

Cardiomegaly

Enlarged heart

2.2

Chemosis

Edema of bulbar conjunctiva

7.6

Cholecystitis

Gallbladder inflammation

3.3

Cholelithiasis

Gallstones

3.3

Cholestasis

Biliary obstruction

3.3

Chylothorax

Accumulation of lymph in the pleural cavity

6.1

Claudication

Muscle pain caused by vascular insufficiency

7.3

Comatose

Profound consciousness

7.1

Comminuted fracture

A fracture with three or more pieces

3.6, 7.2, 10.2

Compound fracture

A fracture in which bone fragment penetrates the skin or mucous membrane (synonym: open fracture)

7.2

Contralateral

On the opposite side

7.4

Contusion

Mechanical injury beneath skin that results in subcutaneous hemorrhage (i.e., a bruise)

5.1, 10.2

Crackle

Crackling noise heard with lung disease (also known as a rale)

2.1, 2.2

Crepitus

Grating, crackling, or popping sound in joints and subcutaneous tissues

7.3

Culdocentesis

Transvaginal aspiration of fluid from rectouterine pouch (of Douglas); also known as the cul-de-sac. The procedure involves inserting a needle through the posterior vaginal fornix to access the rectouterine pouch

4.2

Curettage

Removal of material (e.g., growths) from the wall of a body cavity or surface with a curet (spoon-shaped instrument)

4.3

Cyanosis

Bluish color of skin and mucous membranes from insufficient blood oxygen

6.3

Cyst

Abnormal, membrane-bound sac that contains gas or fluid

2.5

Cystinuria

Elevated urinary secretion of ...

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