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Chapter 9: Thermal Energy Modalities

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Applying heat or cold to an extremity will affect balance, proprioception, and performance.

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a. True

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b. False

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b. False

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Cold whirlpools should be set at temperatures of 50–60°F.

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a. True

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b. False

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a. True

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Cryokinetics is a therapeutic technique that combines cryotherapy and exercise.

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a. True

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b. False

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a. True

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This mechanism of heat transfer is through direct contact.

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a. radiation

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b. convection

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c. conduction

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d. conversion

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c. conduction

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_________ should be used on acute injuries to ___________ temperature and thus slow metabolic rate.

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a. Cold, decrease

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b. Cold, increase

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c. Heat, decrease

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d. Heat, increase

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a. Cold, decrease

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The three to four stages of sensation following cold application, in order, are the following:

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a. sting, cold, burn/ache, numb

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b. cold, sting, numb, burn/ache

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c. burn/ache, cold, sting, numb

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d. cold, sting, burn/ache, numb

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d. cold, sting, burn/ache, numb

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An insulating layer of water next to the skin is called which of the following?

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a. erythema

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b. thermopane

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c. anesthesia

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d. inflammation

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b. thermopane

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Which of the following is not an effect of thermotherapy?

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a. increased circulation

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b. relaxed spasms

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c. decreased cell metabolism

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d. increased soft-tissue elasticity

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c. decreased cell metabolism

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