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CHAPTER 1: Structural and Functional Organization of the Nervous System

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Functional neuroanatomy is defined as:

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A. knowledge of the morphology and circuitry of the nervous system.

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B. effects activation or inactivation of particular structures have on behavior.

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C. interaction of physiology and anatomy of particular central nervous system structures.

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D. chemical transmission of information via neurotransmitters.

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B. effects activation or inactivation of particular structures have on behavior.

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The ability to change neural pathways in response to lifetime demands is called:

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A. phagocytosis.

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B. neuroplasticity.

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C. neurotransmission.

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D. synaptic transmission.

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B. neuroplasticity.

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A person sustains a connective tissue injury. There is bleeding and inflammation at the injury site. Which of the following cell types plays a phagocytic role in eliminating blood and tissue debris?

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A. Schwann cells

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B. Mast cells

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C. Macrophages

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D. Neurons

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C. Macrophages

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Which of the following is not part of the peripheral nervous system?

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A. Motor neuron cell body

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B. Sympathetic ganglia

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C. Dorsal root

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D. Ventral root

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A. Motor neuron cell body

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Which of the following best describes sulci and gyri?

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A. Functional regions of the brain are located on gyri.

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B. Sulci separate the lobes of the brain.

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C. Gyri are the bumps, and sulci are the grooves that separate the gyri.

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D. Sulci are the bumps, and gyri are the grooves that separate the sulci.

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C. Gyri are the bumps, and sulci are the grooves that separate the gyri.

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Which of the following best describes the location of major brain regions?

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A. The thalamus is located rostral to the midbrain.

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B. The basal ganglia are located ventral to the cerebellum.

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