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The major movement disorders include Parkinson‘s disease, Huntington‘s disease, Wilson‘s disease, Tourette‘s syndrome. An outline of common movement disorders is given in Table 17–1.

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Table 17–1. Types of Movement Disorders
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Several different types of abnormal movements or signs of these disorders are recognized, including athetosis, ballismus, chorea, dyskinesia, dystonia, tics and tremor as described in Table 17–2. These movements can be caused by a variety of general medical conditions and certain drugs, in addition to the neurologic disorders mentioned.

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Table Graphic Jump Location
Table 17–2. Types of Abnormal Movements
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To understand how the movement disorders are treated, it is important to understand their underlying pathogenesis. Many of the movement disorders have been attributed to disturbances of the basal ganglia, but the precise function of these anatomic structures is not yet fully understood, and it is not possible to relate individual symptoms to involvement at specific sites. Furthermore, individuals with the same disease, such as Parkinson’s disease, can present very differently in ...

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