Since the publication of the first edition of this text, courses in
kinesiology have undergone many changes in both content and emphasis. Each
subsequent edition has reflected these changes, and the eleventh edition is
no exception. The primary goals of this revision have been to update and
expand the material where appropriate and to strengthen the textbook as a
pedagogical tool. Several of the chapters have been expanded and updated in
light of current research. The resultant content makes this a book ideally
suited to help students achieve an understanding of the integrated nature of
kinesiology as an area of study that includes both anatomical and
In the twenty-first century, the traditional course often titled kinesiology
has been separated into courses in anatomy and biomechanics. This text
attempts to integrate the anatomy of human movement with the mechanics of
human movement. It is neither an anatomy text nor a biomechanics text, but
is an integrated kinesiology text. The textbook is designed as a basic
source to introduce the undergraduate student to the fundamentals of
kinesiology. Because the fundamentals are presented without compromising
basic theory, this book may be used as an introductory text. The book
presents the subject in a fashion that presupposes some background in
anatomy and a little in physics. The text does not shy away from presenting
material that requires some theoretical foundations in these areas. Whatever
background is needed to understand the various applications is supplied, and
numerous examples and exercises are provided. There is extensive discussion
of both anatomical and biomechanical fundamentals of human motion and the
application of these fundamentals to the analysis of a wide variety of motor
skills. For these reasons, the text is especially appropriate for use in
courses with these objectives:
To afford students the opportunity to learn a systematic approach to the
analysis of human motion.
To provide information that will help students obtain an understanding
of the anatomical and biomechanical fundamentals of human motion.
To provide the types of experiences that ask students to apply
anatomical and biomechanical analysis to the learning and improvement of
a broad spectrum of movement activities.
The Introduction to the Study of Kinesiology
is a single chapter that
sets the stage by presenting a kinesiological analysis model. This chapter
is intended to lay the foundation for the remainder of the text. It is here
that the student will learn to organize the thought process involved in
understanding human movement. It is critical that the study of kinesiology
begin herewith a systematic approach to learning.Part I, Anatomical and Physiological Fundamentals of
consists of eight chapters, each beginning with a
discussion of the anatomical background essential for understanding human
movement followed by the presentation of a systematic approach to
kinesiological analysis. The emphasis throughout is on the relation of
anatomical structure to function,
not on anatomy as such. It is assumed
throughout this section that the student has acquired a basic knowledge of
static anatomy as applied to stationary models, skeletons, and cadavers. The
emphasis in this text is the dynamic anatomy of the moving body.
Applications of the knowledge of structure to the analysis of human motion
are introduced in these early chapters so that the student can begin to put
theory into practice immediately, rather than wait until the knowledge base
is more complete. Additional laboratory experiences have been added to
assist with this practice.Part II,
Fundamentals of Biomechanics,
presents the fundamentals of biomechanics
as they apply to human movement analysis. The first chapter introduces the
student to terminology and to the units of measure used when motion and the
forces that cause it are studied. This chapter is followed by chapters in
which motion and the forces that cause and modify it are described. The
section concludes with a chapter on the center of gravity and stability.
Part II provides an elementary approach to the
material without oversimplifying to the point where misconceptions could
occur. In many instances the student is shown the “proof” of a
principle through experimental examples or mathematical derivation. This
approach is used in the belief that greater understanding will result. The
reward will be greater comprehension of the reasons “why”
optimum movement patterns occur as they do. It should be remembered,
however, that the emphasis in a first undergraduate course in kinesiology
should be on the development of the qualitative method of analysis. The
introduction of the quantitative method, if used, should be limited to
understanding fundamental concepts and not for extensive application to
analysis of movement patterns.Part III, Motor
utilizes the kinesiological analysis system that has been
developed in concert with the anatomical and mechanical concepts that have
been presented. This analysis model forms the basis for the organization of
the nine chapters in Part III. In each of these chapters the basic
principles of anatomy and mechanics are identified and applied to specific
motor skills. Sample analyses are also included.
Helpful pedagogical tools in every chapter successfully assist the learning
process. These include chapter outlines, objectives, laboratory experiences,
and references and selected readings.
comprehensive appendices have been updated to provide material that
supplements the basic concepts presented in the text:
A. Classification of Joints and Their Movements
Joint Range of Motion
C. Muscular Attachments and Nerve Supply
E. Table of Trigonometric Functions
G. Exercises for Kinesiological Analysis
H. Answers to
Problems in Part II
New to this Edition
Once again the text has been revised in response to feedback from
instructors and students, and includes new information as well as more
thorough discussions and appropriate applications throughout:
New co-author, Wendi Weimar, is Director of the Sports Biomechanics
Laboratory at Auburn University. Her related experiences, along with her
academic background in physics, chemistry, and secondary education,
combine to bring an educational approach to the science.
Analysis examples are updated throughout the text to help better explain
anatomical and biomechanical concepts to undergraduates.
Applications have been expanded to include more examples with young,
elderly, and disabled people and are not only sport-specific.
Less common activities (such as synchronized swimming) are replaced to
focus on more common ones.
The coverage of bone in the elderly population and the implications of
bone loss have been updated and expanded.
New graphical representations of projectile motion help readers make the
connection between seeing something move and what the motion looks like
on a series of graphs (i.e., position versus time; velocity versus time;
and acceleration versus time).
Numerical examples of impulse demonstrate the application of formulas.
A new summary of levers is provided to give the student a visual
representation of the relationship between the components of the levers
and the order those components must assume to fulfill the role of the
A new discussion of balance with regard to the center of gravity and the
base of support is included to reinforce the importance of this
relationship to remaining upright.
Postural sway and balance strategies have been added to identify two
methods humans employ to remain upright.
New sections on ground reaction force, friction, and postural stability
A new section on protective equipment indicates how technology is
enhancing sport safety.
The role of stored elastic potential energy is explored to help the
student understand how this concept which forms the basis of plyometrics
is applied in other movements.
Anatomy & Physiology Revealed CD-ROM #1: Skeletal and Muscular System
Developed by the Medical College of Ohio, this is the ultimate interactive
cadaver dissection experience. This state-of-the-art tutorial uses cadaver
photos combined with a layering technique that allows the student to peel
away layers of the human body to reveal structures beneath the surface. Anatomy
& Physiology Revealed
offers animations, radiologic imaging, audio
pronunciations, and a comprehensive quizzing tool. This tutorial is
available as a stand-alone or can be combined with any of McGraw-Hill's
textbooks. Contact your sales representative for more information.
We would like to thank the following individuals who served as reviewers for
this edition for their helpful comments and suggestions in revising the
William Barfield, College of Charleston
Jeff Broker, University of Colorado
Declan Connolly, University
Wayne Jacobs, LeTourneau University
Marzilli, University of West Florida
Steve McCaw, Illinois
Georgios Stylianides, University of TexasPermian
Thomas Temples, North Georgia College and State University
Mark Walsh, Miami University
is also expressed to the authors and publishers who graciously gave
permission to quote passages and reproduce illustrations from their
publications. We also wish to acknowledge our indebtedness to the
generations of students whose stimulus has been a vital reason for the
existence of this book. Finally, we would like to express our sincere thanks
to the editorial and production staffs of McGraw-Hill for their helpfulness
throughout the preparation of this edition.
Hamilton, Cedar Falls, Iowa
Wendi Weimar, Auburn, Alabama
Kathryn Luttgens, Wellesley, Massachusetts