- Extrinsic asthma
- Intrinsic asthma
- Exercise-induced asthma
- Asthmatic bronchitis
- Bronchial asthma
- Bronchial hyperresponsiveness
- Chronic lung disease
- 493.00 Extrinsic asthma, unspecified
- 493.01 Extrinsic asthma with status asthmaticus
- 493.02 Extrinsic asthma with (acute) exacerbation
- 493.10 Intrinsic asthma, unspecified
- 493.11 Intrinsic asthma with status asthmaticus
- 493.12 Intrinsic asthma with (acute) exacerbation
- 493.20 Chronic obstructive asthma, unspecified
- 493.21 Chronic obstructive asthma with status asthmaticus
- 493.22 Chronic obstructive asthma with (acute) exacerbation
- 493.81 Exercise induced bronchospasm
- 493.82 Cough variant asthma
- 493.90 Asthma unspecified type, unspecified
- 493.91 Asthma unspecified type with status asthmaticus
- 493.92 Asthma, unspecified type, with (acute) exacerbation
- 780.7 Malaise and fatigue
- 786.0 Dyspnea and respiratory abnormalities
- 786.05 Shortness of breath
- J44.9 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, unspecified
- J44.0 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease with acute lower respiratory infection
- J44.1 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease with (acute) exacerbation
- J45.20 Mild intermittent asthma, uncomplicated
- J45.22 Mild intermittent asthma with status asthmaticus
- J45.21 Mild intermittent asthma with (acute) exacerbation
- J45.901 Unspecified asthma with (acute) exacerbation
- J45.902 Unspecified asthma with status asthmaticus
- J45.909 Unspecified asthma, uncomplicated
- J45.990 Exercise induced bronchospasm
- J45.991 Cough variant asthma
- J45.998 Other asthma
- Form of bronchial disorder associated with airway obstruction, marked by recurrent attacks of paroxysmal dyspnea, with wheezing due to spasmodic contraction of the bronchi6-8
- Chronic respiratory disease manifested as difficulty breathing due to the narrowing of bronchial passageways
- Chronic lung disease that inflames and narrows the airways leading to recurrent periods of wheezing, chest tightness, shortness of breath, and cough
- Coughing often occurs at night or early in the morning, but may go unnoticed during the day or be considered an allergic response to an inhaled (airborne or environmental) trigger
- Affects people of all ages, but most often starts during childhood
- More than 22 million people are known to have asthma in the United States; nearly 6 million are children6
- People with asthma have inflamed airways, which may become sensitive and tend to react strongly to certain inhaled substances
- When airways react, the muscles around them tighten, narrowing the lumen wall leading to less air-flow into the lungs; swelling of the lumen may result in narrowing, leading to further restriction and triggering a cascade of cells to thicken mucus or increase mucus production
- Symptoms may be mild and self-resolve or require minimal treatment with prescription medication; some symptoms are persistent and require ongoing prescription medication for control
- Symptom recognition is important, to prevent long term damage
- Children often have difficulties expressing symptoms of an attack, so adults must be aware of a child’s presentation so treatment can be initiated to prevent a severe attack, which may require emergency care or be fatal
- Comorbidities may exacerbate the symptoms or make management more ...
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