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  • Extrinsic asthma
  • Intrinsic asthma
  • Exercise-induced asthma
  • Asthmatic bronchitis
  • Bronchial asthma
  • Bronchial hyperresponsiveness
  • Chronic lung disease

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  • 493.00 Extrinsic asthma, unspecified
  • 493.01 Extrinsic asthma with status asthmaticus
  • 493.02 Extrinsic asthma with (acute) exacerbation
  • 493.10 Intrinsic asthma, unspecified
  • 493.11 Intrinsic asthma with status asthmaticus
  • 493.12 Intrinsic asthma with (acute) exacerbation
  • 493.20 Chronic obstructive asthma, unspecified
  • 493.21 Chronic obstructive asthma with status asthmaticus
  • 493.22 Chronic obstructive asthma with (acute) exacerbation
  • 493.81 Exercise induced bronchospasm
  • 493.82 Cough variant asthma
  • 493.90 Asthma unspecified type, unspecified
  • 493.91 Asthma unspecified type with status asthmaticus
  • 493.92 Asthma, unspecified type, with (acute) exacerbation
  • 780.7 Malaise and fatigue
  • 786.0 Dyspnea and respiratory abnormalities
  • 786.05 Shortness of breath

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  • J44.9 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, unspecified
  • J44.0 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease with acute lower respiratory infection
  • J44.1 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease with (acute) exacerbation
  • J45.20 Mild intermittent asthma, uncomplicated
  • J45.22 Mild intermittent asthma with status asthmaticus
  • J45.21 Mild intermittent asthma with (acute) exacerbation
  • J45.901 Unspecified asthma with (acute) exacerbation
  • J45.902 Unspecified asthma with status asthmaticus
  • J45.909 Unspecified asthma, uncomplicated
  • J45.990 Exercise induced bronchospasm
  • J45.991 Cough variant asthma
  • J45.998 Other asthma

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Description

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  • Form of bronchial disorder associated with airway obstruction, marked by recurrent attacks of paroxysmal dyspnea, with wheezing due to spasmodic contraction of the bronchi6-8
  • Chronic respiratory disease manifested as difficulty breathing due to the narrowing of bronchial passageways
  • Chronic lung disease that inflames and narrows the airways leading to recurrent periods of wheezing, chest tightness, shortness of breath, and cough
  • Coughing often occurs at night or early in the morning, but may go unnoticed during the day or be considered an allergic response to an inhaled (airborne or environmental) trigger
  • Affects people of all ages, but most often starts during childhood
  • More than 22 million people are known to have asthma in the United States; nearly 6 million are children6
  • People with asthma have inflamed airways, which may become sensitive and tend to react strongly to certain inhaled substances
  • When airways react, the muscles around them tighten, narrowing the lumen wall leading to less air-flow into the lungs; swelling of the lumen may result in narrowing, leading to further restriction and triggering a cascade of cells to thicken mucus or increase mucus production
  • Symptoms may be mild and self-resolve or require minimal treatment with prescription medication; some symptoms are persistent and require ongoing prescription medication for control
  • Symptom recognition is important, to prevent long term damage
  • Children often have difficulties expressing symptoms of an attack, so adults must be aware of a child’s presentation so treatment can be initiated to prevent a severe attack, which may require emergency care or be fatal
  • Comorbidities may exacerbate the symptoms or make management more ...

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