- Juvenile diabetes
- Diabetes type 1
- Diabetes type 1.5
- Diabetes type 2
- Gestational diabetes
- 250 Diabetes mellitus
- 249.91 Secondary diabetes mellitus with unspecified complication, uncontrolled
- E08.8 Diabetes mellitus due to underlying condition with unspecified complications
- E09.8 Drug or chemical induced diabetes mellitus with unspecified complications
- E08.65 Diabetes mellitus due to underlying condition with hyperglycemia
- As of January 2013, the APTA Guide to Physical Therapist Practice does not include practice patterns for organ system pathology. Therefore, the associated or secondary musculoskeletal, cardiovascular/pulmonary, or potential neuromuscular patterns would be indicated.
- Diabetes mellitus
- Primary diabetes mellitus
- Type 1: Inability of the body to produce insulin, formerly referred to as juvenile diabetes
- Type 1.5: Latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA), signs of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes where the body can initially produce some insulin but ultimately cannot
- Type 2: Insulin resistance; inability of the body to produce adequate insulin or inability for adequate insulin uptake by the body to sufficiently regulate insulin/glucose, some insulin is produced by the pancreas
- Impaired glucose tolerance (IGT)
- Gestational diabetes mellitus
- Secondary diabetes mellitus
- Destructive pancreatic disease
- Endocrine diseases
- Drug induced diabetes
- Stress diabetes
- Frequent urination
- Unexplained weight loss; especially with Type 1
- Excessive thirst
- Increased hunger
- Inappropriate sweating
- Decreased activity tolerance
- Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Nonketotic Syndrome
- Rare condition in which blood sugar is 600 mg/dl or above and can result in death; in those who may have diagnosed or undiagnosed diabetes can result in coma and death
- May cause pathology in multiple organ systems
- May result in secondary problems; such as aerobic capacity and muscle endurance impairment, sarcopenia, weakness/impaired muscle performance, musculoskeletal problems, neuromuscular problems, weight loss or weight gain—indicating the need for physical therapy intervention depending on severity
- Increased incidence of tendonitis
- Increased incidence of frozen shoulder
- Exercise may cause hypoglycemia
- Exercise may interfere with timed insulin uptake if performed in area of injection site soon after injecting
- Metabolic syndrome: presence of
- High blood pressure
- High cholesterol
- Belly fat
- Elevated blood sugar
- Occurs in males and females
- Higher incidence in African Americans and Hispanics
- Type 2 is more common in individuals who are obese, and is on the rise in children secondary to sedentary lifestyle and obesity
- During 2002 to 2005, 15,600 children were newly diagnosed with type 1 diabetes annually, and 3,600 youth were newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes annually1
- Among children younger than 10 years, the rate of new cases was 19.7 per 100,000 each year for type 1 diabetes and 0.4 per 100,000 for type 2 diabetes. Among children ages 10 years or older, the rate of new cases was 18.6 per ...
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