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Chapter 9: Thermal Energy Modalities

Applying heat or cold to an extremity will affect balance, proprioception, and performance.

a. True

b. False

b. False

Cold whirlpools should be set at temperatures of 50–60°F.

a. True

b. False

a. True

Cryokinetics is a therapeutic technique that combines cryotherapy and exercise.

a. True

b. False

a. True

This mechanism of heat transfer is through direct contact.

a. radiation

b. convection

c. conduction

d. conversion

c. conduction

_________ should be used on acute injuries to ___________ temperature and thus slow metabolic rate.

a. Cold, decrease

b. Cold, increase

c. Heat, decrease

d. Heat, increase

a. Cold, decrease

The three to four stages of sensation following cold application, in order, are the following:

a. sting, cold, burn/ache, numb

b. cold, sting, numb, burn/ache

c. burn/ache, cold, sting, numb

d. cold, sting, burn/ache, numb

d. cold, sting, burn/ache, numb

An insulating layer of water next to the skin is called which of the following?

a. erythema

b. thermopane

c. anesthesia

d. inflammation

b. thermopane

Which of the following is not an effect of thermotherapy?

a. increased circulation

b. relaxed spasms

c. decreased cell metabolism

d. increased soft-tissue elasticity

c. decreased cell metabolism

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