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CHAPTER 1: Structural and Functional Organization of the Nervous System

Functional neuroanatomy is defined as:

A. knowledge of the morphology and circuitry of the nervous system.

B. effects activation or inactivation of particular structures have on behavior.

C. interaction of physiology and anatomy of particular central nervous system structures.

D. chemical transmission of information via neurotransmitters.

B. effects activation or inactivation of particular structures have on behavior.

The ability to change neural pathways in response to lifetime demands is called:

A. phagocytosis.

B. neuroplasticity.

C. neurotransmission.

D. synaptic transmission.

B. neuroplasticity.

A person sustains a connective tissue injury. There is bleeding and inflammation at the injury site. Which of the following cell types plays a phagocytic role in eliminating blood and tissue debris?

A. Schwann cells

B. Mast cells

C. Macrophages

D. Neurons

C. Macrophages

Which of the following is not part of the peripheral nervous system?

A. Motor neuron cell body

B. Sympathetic ganglia

C. Dorsal root

D. Ventral root

A. Motor neuron cell body

Which of the following best describes sulci and gyri?

A. Functional regions of the brain are located on gyri.

B. Sulci separate the lobes of the brain.

C. Gyri are the bumps, and sulci are the grooves that separate the gyri.

D. Sulci are the bumps, and gyri are the grooves that separate the sulci.

C. Gyri are the bumps, and sulci are the grooves that separate the gyri.

Which of the following best describes the location of major brain regions?

A. The thalamus is located rostral to the midbrain.

B. The basal ganglia are located ventral to the cerebellum.

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