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INTRODUCTION

What you will learn in this lesson:

  • to count from 1 to 499

  • dialogues: taking vital signs, basic discussion of chief complaints, prescription/diet or follow-up instructions, what to do, and how often, if lab tests are needed and when

  • to say words related to liquids (to be used with the verb tomar “to take/to drink”)

  • the names of internal organs and parts of the reproductive system

  • medical cognates

The goal of this lesson is to be able to take vital signs in Spanish, have a basic discussion of chief complaints, prescription, diet, and follow-up instructions, what should be done, how often it should be done as well as if and when lab tests are required. The goal is also to learn medical cognates and internal body parts, and to be able to recognize some common slang or vulgar terms for body parts that less educated patients might use during their medical interview.

NUMBERS

It’s probably time for a slight respite from all the seriousness here, so we’ll break up the monotony with some breathtaking numbers. Just imagine the tools you will now have available to convey information to your patients concerning weight, blood pressure, cholesterol levels, lab results, statistics, and more.

Let’s Count! — ¡Vamos a Contar!

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1

uno

2

dos

3

tres

4

cuatro

5

cinco

6

seis

7

siete

8

ocho

9

nueve

10

diez

11

once

12

doce

13

trece

14

catorce

15

quince

16

diez y seis1

17

diez y siete

18

diez y ocho

19

diez y nueve

20

veinte

21

veinte y uno2

22

veinte y dos

23

veinte y tres

24

veinte y cuatro

25

veinte y cinco

26

veinte y seis

27

veinte y siete

28

veinte y ocho

29

veinte y nueve

30

treinta

40

cuarenta

50

cincuenta

60

sesenta

70

setenta

80

ochenta

90

noventa

100

cien; use ciento when 100 is followed by another number, for example:

110

ciento diez

115

ciento quince

116

ciento diez y seis

120

ciento veinte

131

ciento treinta y uno, etc.

200

doscientos(-as)

300

trescientos(-as)

400

cuatrocientos(-as)

415

cuatrocientos quince

416

cuatrocientos diez y seis

499

cuatrocientos noventa y nueve

1diez y seis is also spelled as dieciséis, diez y siete as diecisiete, etc. The form shown here is easier to learn.

2veinte y uno is also spelled as veintiuno, veinte y dos as veintidós, etc.

Ejercicio 2A

Write the following numbers in Spanish. (Favor de escribir los siguientes números en español.)

  1. 15 _________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  2. 28 _________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  3. 119 _________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  4. 256 _________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  5. 374 _________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  6. 473 _________________________________________________________________________________________________________

VITAL SIGNS

For preliminaries, the patient is usually weighed and then brought into the ...

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