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What you will learn in this lesson:

  • vocabulary related to linens, smoking, reading material

  • to conjugate and use the verb ser—the other verb meaning “to be”

  • to tell time

  • colors and other adjectives

  • the word hay (there is, there are, is there?, are there?)

  • to conjugate and use regular -er verbs in the present tense

  • to conjugate and use regular -ir verbs in the present tense

  • vocabulary related to a pediatric visit

  • to form, conjugate, and use the future tense

  • the essentials of basic grammar/structure

  • the correct use of ser and estar

The goal of this lesson is to be able to conjugate -er and -ir verbs in the present tense, and to be able to use them in sentences and questions to ask a parent or adult what brings the baby or child patient in (chief complaint), to talk about what needs to be done next (talking about the future), to talk about nationality and the time of day, to describe things, and to be able to conduct a pediatric consultation.


If you work in a hospital or certain medical facilities, your patients may request some of the following items (though you would not agree to some of the items shown here!).




You may have noticed that there are two verbs (ser and estar) which both mean “to be.” Ser is often used to denote a characteristic or a more permanent state of being. It is conjugated in the following manner:

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ser (to be)

(yo) soy

I am

(nosotros) somos

we are

(tú) eres

you are (familiar)


(él, ella) es

he/she/it is

(ellos/ellas) son

they are

(Ud.) es

you are (formal)

(Uds.) son

you are

1In Spain the vosotros form is used here to signify the familiar, plural form of “you.” Since none of the Latin American countries use this form (and most of your patients will be Latin Americans), this form has been omitted in this book. You may, however, hear the vos form, which is used in place of the familiar form in many Central American and some South American countries. (It is very much alive today!)

Ejercicio 4A

Escriba (Favor de escribir) la frase con la forma correcta de ser. (Write the sentence using the correct form of the verb ser.)

EJEMPLO Yo soy de los Estados Unidos.

(I am from the United States.)

  1. Tú ___________________________________.

  2. Ellos ___________________________________.

  3. Los técnicos ___________________________________.

  4. Tú y yo ___________________________________.

  5. El turista ___________________________________.

  6. Nosotros ___________________________________.

  7. Ella ___________________________________.

  8. Todos2 no ___________________________________.

  9. Todo el ...

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