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INTRODUCTION

Note: Congratulations on completing the first nine chapters of the book. As we move on to more advanced material in chapters 10-14, you will see more text in Spanish. The section headings and some explanatory text will appear in Spanish first followed by the English translation. Test yourself by reading the Spanish first and see how much you are able to comprehend. This is great practice to build on your new Spanish skills.

What you will learn in this lesson:

  • differences between preguntar and pedir

  • differences between conocer and saber

  • review how and when to use possessive adjectives and pronouns: my, your, his, etc.

  • both forms of the future tense

  • review how to form and use the present and past progressive tenses (“I am examining …,” “I was examining …”)

  • how to form and use the irregular present participles: diciendo, viendo, viniendo, yendo, leyendo, creyendo, etc.

  • how to use acabar de (“to have just”) and how to utilize it as a shortcut for the past tense

  • vocabulary related to a patient visit concerning STDs/STIs

  • dialogue concerning a patient visit related to STDs/STIs

  • review the present perfect tense (“Have you had …?”) and when to use and how to form the past perfect tense (“Had you had …?”)

  • how to form and use the irregular past participles: abierto, cubierto, dicho, hecho, puesto, roto, etc.

  • when to use por and para

  • how to form the imperative mood for the and Ud. forms

“PREGUNTAR” Y “PEDIR”

The verbs preguntar and pedir both mean “to ask,” but each is used in different situations.

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preguntar (to ask facts)

pedir (to ask for/to order)

pregunto

preguntamos

pido

pedimos

preguntas

pides

pregunta

preguntan

pide

piden

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Yo pregunto qué hora es.

I ask what time it is.

Él pregunta cómo se llama.

He asks what her name is.

Tú preguntas adónde vamos.

You ask where we are going.

Yo pido frijoles refritos en el hospital.

I ask for/order refried beans in the hospital.

Él pide un estetoscopio.

He asks for a stethoscope.

Tú pides los resultados de las pruebas.

You ask for the test results.

Preguntar is generally followed by a relative pronoun such as que, quien, donde, cuando. Pedir is generally followed by a noun.

Ejercicio 10A

Llene los espacios con la forma correcta de pedir.

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EJEMPLO

Tú pides papas fritas sin sal.

  1. Yo _______________ papas fritas sin sal.

  2. Tú _______________ papas fritas sin sal.

  3. Ignacio (Nacho) y tú _______________ papas fritas sin sal.

  4. Chon (Asunción) y yo _______________ papas fritas sin sal.

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