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INTRODUCTION

What you will learn in this lesson:

  • how to form and use the present perfect subjunctive mood

  • how to form and use the pluperfect (pluscuamperfecto) subjunctive mood

  • uses of the subjunctive, all forms

  • vocabulary related to a patient with diabetes

  • dialogue concerning a patient with diabetes

  • how and when to use the pluperfect

  • vocabulary related to giving instructions for taking birth control pills

  • dialogue concerning instructions for taking birth control pills for the first time

  • review of all verb forms

EL PERFECTO DEL SUBJUNTIVO : THE PRESENT PERFECT SUBJUNCTIVE

The present perfect tense of the subjunctive mood is used to express desire, doubt, or emotion when something(s) has or have happened. It is the equivalent of saying the following in English:

I’m glad (that) you have attended the class.

I doubt (that) he has taken his medicine.

I certainly hope (that) you have learned something here.

EL PRESENTE PERFECTO DEL SUBJUNTIVO

Now, we are ready to undertake and embark upon how to form this tense of the subjunctive mood. It is used with the past participle, which is the equivalent of the “ed” or “en” endings in English. This is the subjunctive mood of the present perfect tense (ha tenido). Please see Chapters 5 and 10 for review of the indicative mood.

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haber

…que yo haya

…que nosotros hayamos

image

tomado

comido

…que tú hayas

sufrido

hecho

…que él/ella/Ud. haya

…que ellos/ellas/Uds. hayan

visto

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Me alegra (de) que Ud. haya venido al consultorio.

I am happy (that) you have come to the doctor’s office.

Espero que Ud. haya aprendido algo en esta clase.

I hope (that) you have learned something in this class.

No creo que ellos hayan regresado a la clínica.

I don’t believe (that) they have returned to the clinic.

Dudo que Juan se haya mejorado con esta medicina.

I doubt (that) Juan has gotten better with this medicine.

Favor de notar que el primer verbo de cada frase está en una forma del presente y que son seguidos por el participio pasado, el cual es el equivalente a las terminaciones -ed y -en en inglés.

Ejercicio 13A

Llene los espacios con la forma correcta del presente perfecto del subjuntivo del verbo haber.

  1. Dudo que ella _____________________ tomado la cantidad correcta de la medicina.

  2. Dudo que Uds. _____________________ tomado la cantidad correcta de la medicina.

  3. Dudo que Emilio _____________________ tomado la cantidad correcta de la medicina.

  4. Dudo que tú _____________________ tomado la cantidad correcta de la medicina.

  5. Dudo que Zoraida y Zenovia _____________________ tomado la cantidad correcta de la ...

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