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INTRODUCTION

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Estimated Energy Requirements (EER) for Men and Women 30 Years of Age

Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine, National Academies

Height (m [in])

PALb

Weight for BMIc of 18.5 kg/m2 (kg [lb])

Weight for BMI of 24.99 kg/m2 (kg [lb])

EER, Mend (kcal/day)

EER, Womend (kcal/day)

BMI of 18.5 kg/m2

BMI of 24.99 kg/m2

BMI of 18.5 kg/m2

BMI of 24.99 kg/m2

1.50 (59)

Sedentary

41.6 (92)

56.2 (124)

1,848

2,080

1,625

1,762

Low Active

2,009

2,267

1,803

1,956

Active

2,215

2,506

2,025

2,198

Very Active

2,554

2,898

2,291

2,489

1.65 (65)

Sedentary

50.4 (111)

68.0 (150)

2,068

2,349

1,816

1,982

Low Active

2,254

2,566

2,016

2,202

Active

2,490

2,842

2,267

2,477

Very Active

2,880

3,296

2,567

2,807

1.80 (71)

Sedentary

59.9 (132)

81.0 (178)

2,301

2,635

2,015

2,211

Low Active

2,513

2,884

2,239

2,459

Active

2,782

3,200

2,519

2,769

Very Active

3,225

3,720

2,855

3,141

aFor each year below 30, add 7 kcal/day for women and 10 kcal/day for men. For each year above 30, subtract 7 kcal/day for women and 10 kcal/day for men.

bPAL = physical activity level.

cBMI = body mass index.

dDerived from the following regression equations based on doubly labeled water data:

  • Adult man: EER = 662 – 9.53 × age (yr) + PA × (15.91 × wt [kg] + 539.6 × ht [ml])

  • Adult woman: EER = 354 – 6.91 × age (yr) + PA × (9.36 × wt [kg] + 726 × ht [ml])

where PA refers to coefficient for PAL.

PAL = total energy expenditure ÷ basal energy expenditure

  • PA = 1.0 if PAL ≥ 1.0 < 1.4 (sedentary)

  • PA = 1.12 if PAL ≥ 1.4 < 1.6 (low active)

  • PA = 1.27 if PAL ≥ 1.6 < 1.9 (active)

  • PA = 1.45 if PAL ≥ 1.9 < 2.5 (very active)

SOURCE: Dietary Reference Intakes for Energy, Carbohydrate, Fiber, Fat, Fatty Acids, Cholesterol, Protein, and Amino Acids (2002).

Dietary Reference Intakes for Energy, Carbohydrates, Fiber, Fat, Fatty Acids, Cholesterol, Protein, and Amino Acids (Macronutrients). 2005, the National Academy of Sciences, courtesy of the National Academies Press, Washington, DC.

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