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INTRODUCTION

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Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs): Recommended Intakes for Individuals, Vitamins

Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine, National Academies

Life Stage Group

Vit A (μg/day)a

Vit C (mg/day)

Vit D (μg/day)b,c

Vit E (mg/day)d

Vit K (μg/day)

Thiamin (mg/day)

Riboflavin (mg/day)

Niacin (mg/day)e

Vit B6 (mg/day)

Folate (g/day)f

Vit B12 (g/day)

Pantothenic Acid (mg/day)

Biotin (g/day)

Choline (mg/day)g

Infants

    0-6 mo

400*

40*

5*

4*

2.0*

0.2*

0.3*

2*

0.1*

65*

0.4*

1.7*

5*

125*

    7-12 mo

500*

50*

5*

5*

2.5*

0.3*

0.4*

4*

0.3*

80*

0.5*

1.8*

6*

150*

Children

    1-3 yr

300

15

5*

6

30*

0.5

0.5

6

0.5

150

0.9

2*

8*

200*

    4-8 yr

400

25

5*

7

55*

0.6

0.6

8

0.6

200

1.2

3*

12*

250*

Males

    9-13 yr

600

45

5*

11

60*

0.9

0.9

12

1.0

300

1.8

4*

20*

375*

    14-18 yr

900

75

5*

15

75*

1.2

1.3

16

1.3

400

2.4

5*

25*

550*

    19-30 yr

900

90

5*

15

120*

1.2

1.3

16

1.3

400

2.4

5*

30*

550*

    31-50 yr

900

90

5*

15

120*

1.2

1.3

16

1.3

400

2.4

5*

30*

550*

    51-70 yr

900

90

10*

15

120*

1.2

1.3

16

1.7

400

2.4i

5*

30*

550*

    >70 yr

900

90

15*

15

120*

1.2

1.3

16

1.7

400

2.4i

5*

30*

550*

Females

    9-13 yr

600

45

5*

11

60*

0.9

0.9

12

1.0

300

1.8

4*

20*

375*

    14-18 yr

700

65

5*

15

75*

1.0

1.0

14

1.2

400i

2.4

5*

25*

400*

    19-30 yr

700

75

5*

15

90*

1.1

1.1

14

1.3

400h

2.4

5*

30*

425*

    31-50 yr

700

75

5*

15

90*

1.1

1.1

14

1.3

400h

2.4

5*

30*

425*

    51-70 yr

700

75

10*

15

90*

1.1

1.1

14

1.5

400

2.4h

5*

30*

425*

    >70 yr

700

75

15*

15

90*

1.1

1.1

14

1.5

400

2.4h

5*

30*

425*

Pregnancy

    14-18 yr

750

80

5*

15

75*

1.4

1.4

18

1.9

600j

2.6

6*

30*

450*

    19-30 yr

770

85

5*

15

90*

1.4

1.4

18

1.9

600j

2.6

6*

30*

450*

    31-50 yr

770

85

5*

15

90*

1.4

1.4

18

1.9

600j

2.6

6*

30*

450*

Lactation

    14-18 yr

1200

115

5*

19

75*

1.4

1.6

17

2.0

500

2.8

7*

35*

550*

    19-30 yr

1300

120

5*

19

90*

1.4

1.6

17

2.0

500

2.8

7*

35*

550*

    31-50 yr

1300

120

5*

19

90*

1.4

1.6

17

2.0

500

2.8

7*

35*

550*

NOTE: This table (taken from the DRI reports, see www.nap.edu) presents Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs) in bold type and Adequate Intakes (AIs) in ordinary type followed by an asterisk (*). RDAs and AIs may both be used as goals for individual intake. RDAs are set to meet ...

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