I greatly appreciate the loyalty that the numerous faculty members, students and other professionals have shown this work over the years. Conversations with many of you have continued to generate ideas to improve and advance the presentation of the content which I continue to incorporate while attempting to maintain the successful presentation approach the late Dr. Clem Thompson established from 1961 through 1989. I first used this book as an undergraduate and later in my teachings over the years. Having developed great respect for this text and Dr. Thompson’s style, it has always been my intention to continue to preserve the effectiveness of this time-honored text, while adding material pertinent to the professions working with today’s physically active population. I have attempted to maintain and improve clarity while continuing with a concise, simple, and straightforward presentation method. I have drawn upon my career experiences, both as a clinician and an educator, to assist in this process and sincerely hope that this approach is beneficial to those who use this text.
This text, now in its 76th year, has undergone many revisions over the years. My goal continues to be making the material as applicable as possible to physical activity, whether it be work or play, and to make it more understandable and easier to use for the student and professional. While reading this text, I challenge kinesiology students and professionals to immediately apply the content to physical activities with which they are individually familiar. I hope that the reader will simultaneously palpate his or her own moving joints and contracting muscles to gain application. Concurrently, I encourage readers to palpate the joints and muscles of colleagues to gain a better appreciation of the wide range of normal anatomy and, when possible, appreciate the variation from normal found in injured and pathological musculoskeletal anatomy. Additionally, with the tremendous growth of information and media available via the Internet and other technological means, I encourage careful and continuous exploration of these resources. These resources should be helpful, but must be reviewed with a critical eye, as all information should be. I also encourage you to reach out to me with questions, concerns and suggestions you may have regarding the content and presentation style and I will do my best to respond.
This text is designed for students in an undergraduate structural kinesiology course after completing courses in human anatomy and physiology. While primarily utilized in physical education, human performance, movement science, exercise science, athletic training, physical therapy and massage therapy curriculums, it is often used as a continuing reference by other clinicians and educators in addressing musculoskeletal concerns of the physically active. Applied kinesiologists, athletic trainers, athletic coaches, physical educators, physical therapists, occupational therapists, health club instructors, strength and conditioning specialists, personal trainers, massage and manual therapists, physicians and others who are responsible for evaluating, diagnosing, improving and maintaining the muscular strength, endurance, flexibility and overall health of individuals will benefit from this text.
With the ever-continuing growth in the number of participants of all ages in a spectrum of physical activity, it is imperative that medical, health, fitness and education professionals involved in providing instruction and information to the physically active be correct and accountable for the teachings that they advance. The variety of exercise machines and devices, techniques, strengthening and flexibility programs, and training programs is continuously expanding and changing, but the musculoskeletal system is constant in its design and architecture. Regardless of the goals sought or the approaches used in exercise activity, the human body is the basic factor and must be thoroughly understood and considered to maximize performance capabilities in work and sport and minimize undesirable results. Most advances in kinesiology and exercise science continue to result from a better understanding of the body and how it functions. I believe that an individual in this field can never learn enough about the structure and function of the human body and that this is typically best learned through practical application, multiple experiences and repetition.
Those who are charged with the responsibility of providing prevention of injury assessment, examination, diagnosis, instruction and consultation to the physically active will find this text a helpful and valuable resource in their never-ending quest for knowledge and understanding of human movement.
A very careful review of the entire text including all figures and tables has been conducted resulting in nearly 1,000 edits with the intent of simplifying the content for better understanding when possible. Several of the chapter objectives have been updated. Many tables and figures have been edited for improved clarity. Additional terms, content and concepts in select cases have been added. These content and/or figures regarding alignment variation terminology, thumb retropulsion, motions of the sternoclavicular and acromioclavicular as to how they relate to scapulothoracic movement, scapula winging, alternative names for several upper extremity muscles, compartments of the forearm, axial cross section information relating to the muscles acting on the ankle and foot, atlanto-occipital degrees of movement, retraction and protraction of the cervical spine, the FITT principle and progression in exercise overload. The labeling and captions in several figures have been enhanced with further details. References have been added along with some revisions and additions to the review and laboratory exercises, and end-of-chapter worksheets. Additional questions and exercises will continue to be added to Connect. Finally, a few new terms have been added to the Glossary.
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Student Success Strategies
I am very appreciative of the numerous comments, ideas, and suggestions provided by reviewers. These reviews have been a most helpful guide in this revision and the suggestions have been incorporated to the extent possible when appropriate. These reviewers are:
Ryan Green, Southeastern Louisiana University
Christian Haugen, UNLV
Lauren Kramer, Penn State University
Jim Romagna, University of Dubuque
Ron Walker, The University of Tulsa
I would like to especially thank the kinesiology, exercise science and athletic training students and faculty of the University of West Alabama for their suggestions, advice and input throughout this and previous revisions. Their assistance and suggestions have been very helpful. I am particularly grateful to Britt Jones of Livingston, Alabama, for his outstanding photography. I also acknowledge John Hood and Lisa Floyd of Birmingham and Livingston, Alabama, respectively, for the fine photographs. Special thanks to the late Linda Kimbrough of Birmingham, Alabama, for her superb illustrations and insight. I appreciate the models for the photographs, Audrey Crawford, Fred Knighten, Darrell Locket, Amy Menzies, Matthew Phillips, Emma Powell, Jay Sears, Marcus Shapiro, David Whitaker and Timoya Williamson. My thanks also go to Susan Raley and Elisa Odoardi, and the McGraw Hill staff who have been most helpful in their assistance and suggestions in preparing the manuscript for publication.
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