1. Heberden W. Some accounts of a disorder of the chest. Med Trans Coll Physicians. 1772;2:59.
2. Parry CH.An Inquiry into the Symptoms and Causes of Syncopy Anginosa Commonly Called Angina Pectoris. London, UK: Cadwell and Davis; 1799.
3. Mallory GK, White PD, Salcedo-Salger J. The speed of healing of myocardial infarction: a study of the pathological anatomy of seventy-two cases. Am Heart J. 1939;18:647-671.
4. Masters AM, Oppenheimer ET. A simple exercise tolerance test for circulatory efficiency with standard tables for normal individuals. Am J Med Sci. 1929;177:223.
5. Zohman LR, Tobis JS.Cardiac Rehabilitation. Orlando, FL: Grune & Stratton; 1970.
6. Levine SA, Lown B. Armchair treatment of acute coronary thrombosis. JAMA.
7. Katz LN. Symposium: unsettled clinical questions in the management of cardiovascular disease. Circulation. 1953;18:430-450.
8. Turell D, Hellerstein H. Evaluation of cardiac function in relation to specific physical activities following recovery from acute myocardial infarction. Prog Cardiovasc Dis.
9. Sanders MJ.Mosby's Paramedic Textbook. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Harcourt; 2001.
10. Wenger NK.Coronary Care—Rehabilitation After Myocardial Infarction. Dallas, TX: American Heart Association; 1973.
11. Moss AJ, DeCamilla J, Davis H. Cardiac death in the first six months after a myocardial infarction: potential for mortality reduction in the early post hospital period. Am J Cardiol.
12. Detrich H. Effects of immobilization upon various metabolic and physiologic functions of normal men. Am J Med. 1948;4:3.
13. Saltin B, Bloomquist G, Mitchel JH, et al. Response to exercise after bed rest and after training. Circulation. 1968;38(suppl VII):1-78.
14. Wenger N. The use of exercise in the rehabilitation of patients after myocardial infarction. J S C Med Assoc. 1969;65(suppl 1):66-68.
15. Zohman L, Tobis JS. A rehabilitation program for inpatients with recent myocardial infarction. Arch Phys Med Rehabil.
16. Bruce RA. Evaluation of functional capacity in patients with cardiovascular disease. Geriatrics.
17. Wenger NK, Gilbert CA, Siegel W. Symposium: the use of physical activity in the rehabilitation of patients after myocardial infarction. South Med J.
18. Zohman L. Early ambulation of post-myocardial infarction patients: Montefiore Hospital. In: Naughton J, Hellerstein HK, eds.Exercise Testing and Exercise Training in Coronary Heart Disease. Orlando, FL: Academic Press; 1973;329-335.
19. Kannel WB, Castelli WP, Gordon T, McNamara P. Serum cholesterol, lipoproteins and the risk of coronary heart disease: the Framingham study. Ann Intern Med.
20. Kannel WB, McGee D, Gordon T. A general cardiovascular risk profile: the Framingham study. Am J Cardiol.
21. Kannel WB, Castelli WP, Gordon P. Cholesterol in the prediction of atherosclerotic disease: new perspectives based on the Framingham study. Ann Intern Med.
22. Cohen BS, Grant A. Acute myocardial infarction: effect of a rehabilitation program on length of hospitalization and functional status at discharge. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1971;54:201-206.
23. Cohen BS. A program for rehabilitation after acute myocardial infarction. South Med J.
24. Hellerstein H. Exercise therapy in coronary disease. Bull N Y Acad Med.
25. Foster C, Pollock ML, Anholm JD, et al. Work capacity in left ventricular function during rehabilitation after myocardial revascularization surgery. Circulation.
26. American Association of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Rehabilitation. Guidelines for Cardiac Rehabilitation Programs. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics; 1991.
27. Health and Public Policy Committee, American College of Physicians. Cardiac rehabilitative services. Ann Intern Med. 1988;1098:671-673.
28. May GS, Eberlein KA, Furberg CD, Passamani ER, DeMets DL. Secondary prevention after myocardial infarction: a review of long-term trials. Prog Cardiovasc Dis.
29. Vermueulen A, Lie K, Derer D. Effects of cardiac rehabilitation after myocardial infarction: changes in coronary risk factors and long-term prognosis. Am Heart J. 1983;105:798-801.
30. Oldridge NB, Guyait GH, Fischer ME, Rimm AA. Cardiac rehabilitation after myocardial infarction. Combined experience of randomized clinical trials. JAMA.
31. Thompson PD. The benefits and risks of exercise training in patients with chronic coronary artery disease. JAMA.
32. O'Connor GT, Buring JE, Yusaf S, et al. An overview of randomized trials of rehabilitation with exercise after myocardial infarction. Circulation.
33. Weiss RA, Karpovich PV. Energy cost of exercises for convalescents. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1947;28:7.
34. Leon AS, Certo C, Comoss P, et al. Position paper of the American Association of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Rehabilitation: scientific evidence of the value of cardiac rehabilitation services with emphasis on patients following myocardial infarction—section 1: exercise conditioning component. J Cardiopulm Rehabil. 1990;10:79-87.
35. Wenger NK, Froelicher ES, Smith LK, et al.Cardiac Rehabilitation. Clinical Practice Guideline No. 17. Rockville, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Agency for Health Care Policy and Research, and the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute; 1995. AHCPR Publication No. 96-0672.
36. Hughes R, Davidson R. Limitation of exercise reconditioning in cold. Chest.
37. Pierce A et al. Responses to exercise training in patients with emphysema. Arch Intern Med. 1964;114:28-36.
38. Hale T, Cumming G, Spriggs J. The effects of physical training in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Bull Eur Physiopathol Respir.
39. Bedout D, Hodgkin J, Zorn E, et al. Clinical and physiological outcomes of a university hospital pulmonary rehabilitation program. Respir Care. 1983;28(11):1468-1471.
40. Carter R, Nicotra B, Clark L, et al. Exercise conditioning in the rehabilitation of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Arch Phys Med Rehabil.
41. Belman M, Wasserman K. Exercise training and testing in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Basic Respir Dis. 1981;10:1-6.
42. Sneider R, O'Malley J, Kahn M. Trends in pulmonary rehabilitation at Eisenhower Medical Center: an 11-year experience (1976–1987). J Cardiopulm Rehabil. 1988;11:453-461.
43. American Association of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Rehabilitation. Guidelines for Pulmonary Rehabilitation Programs. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics; 1993.
44. American Thoracic Society. Pulmonary rehabilitation: official American Thoracic Society position statement. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1981;124:663-666.
45. Holden DA, Stelmach KD, Curtis PS, et al. The impact of a rehabilitation program on functional status of patients with chronic lung disease. Respir Care. 1990;35(4):332-341.
46. Oldenburg FA, Dolovica MB, Montgomery JM, et al. Effects of postural drainage, exercise and cough on mucus clearance in chronic bronchitis. Am Rev Respir Dis.
47. Jenkins SC. International perspectives in physical therapy 7: respiratory care. In: Pryor JA, ed.Pre-operative and Postoperative Physiotherapy—Are They Necessary? New York: Churchill Livingstone; 1991:62-67.
48. Forshag MS, Cooper AD. Clinics in chest medicine: thoracic surgical considerations for the pulmonologist. In: Buchalter SE, McElvein RB, eds.Postoperative Care of the Thoracotomy Patient. Philadelphia, PA: WB Saunders; 1992.
49. Sutton PP, Lopez-Vidriero MT, Pavia D, et al. Assessment of percussion, vibratory-shaking and breathing exercises in chest physiotherapy. Eur J Respir Dis.
50. Foster S, Thomas HM. Pulmonary rehabilitation in lung disease other than chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Am Rev Respir Dis.
51. Moser KM, Bokinsky G, Savage RT, et al. Results of a comprehensive rehabilitation program: physiologic and functional effects of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Arch Intern Med.
52. Swerts P.Kretzers L, Terpstra-Lindeman E, et al. Exercise reconditioning in the rehabilitation of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a short- and long-term analysis. Arch Phys Med Rehabil.
53. Miller NH et al. Position paper of the American Association of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Rehabilitation. J Cardiopulm Rehabil. 1990;10(6):198-209.
54. Reis A. Position paper of the American Association of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Rehabilitation. Scientific basis of pulmonary rehabilitation. J Cardiopulm Rehabil. 1996;10:148-441.
55. Kongstvedt P.The Managed Health Care Handbook. 3rd ed. Gaithersburg, MD: Aspen Publishers; 1996.
56. Cardiopulmonary Section, American Physical Therapy Association. A definition of chest physical therapy. Phys Ther Cardiopulm Sect Q. 1982;3(3):14.
57. Cardiac rehabilitation. Phys Ther. 1995;65(12):1791-1865.
58. Cardiopulmonary Specialty Council. Physical Therapy Advanced Clinical Competencies (cardiopulmonary).
: Board for Certification of Advanced Clinical Competencies; 1988.
59. Cardiopulmonary Section, American Physical Therapy Association. Cardiopulmonary physical therapy entry-level competencies. Phys Ther Cardiopulm Sect Q. 1984:4-8.
60. Crane L. Cardiopulmonary entry-level competencies: then, now and in the future. Phys Ther. 1996;7(3):15-16.
61. Crane L. Testing validity of entry-level cardiopulmonary physical therapy competencies. Paper presented at: APTA Combined Sections Meeting; February 10, 1995; Reno, NV.
62. DeTurk W, Buck L, Cahalin L, et al. Revalidation of advanced clinical practice in cardiopulmonary physical therapy. Cardiopulm Phys Therapy J. 1999;10:105-108.
63. American Physical Therapy Association. A Normative Model of Physical Therapist Professional Education.
: American Physical Therapy Association; 1997.
64. Moffat M.Statement on Health Care Reform.
: American Physical Therapy Association; 1994.
65. Glickman L. An analysis of managed care—survival strategies for rehabilitation service providers: part four. Resource. 1998;28(3):1-7.